But nitrogen oxides contribute to the formation of ground-level ozone, a major pollutant that can be harmful to people. … Acid rain makes such waters more acidic, which results in more aluminum absorption from soil, which is carried into lakes and streams.
Why acid rain is harmful?
Acid rain that seeps into the ground can dissolve nutrients, such as magnesium and calcium, that trees need to be healthy. Acid rain also causes aluminum to be released into the soil, which makes it difficult for trees to take up water. … The acidic clouds and fog strip important nutrients from their leaves and needles.
How does the greenhouse effect contribute to acid rain?
A warmer atmosphere would influence the occurrence and severity of acid rain. Many of the chemical reactions that lead to the formation of acid rain are affected by temperature. Higher temperatures usually accelerate reactions, suggesting that global warming is likely to increase the formation of acidic materials.
Was the acid rain program successful?
The Acid Rain Program called for a two million ton reduction in NOx emissions below 1980 levels by 2000. A significant portion of these reductions have been achieved by coal-fired utility boilers that have installed low-NOx burner technologies.
What is acid rain causes and effects?
Acid rain is caused by a chemical reaction that begins when compounds like sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides are released into the air. … In addition, the exhaust from cars, trucks, and buses releases nitrogen oxides and sulfur dioxide into the air. These pollutants cause acid rain.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of acid rain?
Acid rain affects the fresh water ponds and lakes and destroys the aquatic life as some species of fishes are rare and may be extinct. it can affect the trees particularly those that are high altitude. it can damage historical monuments and buildings. The buildings can be found with sulfuric acid.
Where does acid rain affect the most?
Acid rain is responsible for severe environmental destruction across the world and occurs most commonly in the North Eastern United States, Eastern Europe and increasingly in parts of China and India.
What is the greenhouse effect and why is it bad?
The increased greenhouse effect is causing changes in our planet that can affect our lives. The major Greenhouse Gas, carbon dioxide, emitted naturally and by the burning of fossil fuels, stays in the atmosphere a long time. Its warming effect occurs even when the sky is clear and dry.
What are the effects of greenhouse gases?
Effects of greenhouse gases
They cause climate change by trapping heat, and they also contribute to respiratory disease from smog and air pollution. Extreme weather, food supply disruptions, and increased wildfires are other effects of climate change caused by greenhouse gases.
How does the greenhouse gas cause global warming?
A greenhouse gas is any gaseous compound in the atmosphere that is capable of absorbing infrared radiation, thereby trapping and holding heat in the atmosphere. By increasing the heat in the atmosphere, greenhouse gases are responsible for the greenhouse effect, which ultimately leads to global warming.
How is acid rain damaging the environment?
Acid rain leaches aluminum from the soil. That aluminum may be harmful to plants as well as animals. Acid rain also removes minerals and nutrients from the soil that trees need to grow. … The trees are then less able to absorb sunlight, which makes them weak and less able to withstand freezing temperatures.
What are the harmful effects of air pollution?
It can also cause other health problems including:
- Aggravated respiratory disease such as emphysema, bronchitis and asthma.
- Lung damage, even after symptoms such as coughing or a sore throat disappear.
- Wheezing, chest pain, dry throat, headache or nausea.
- Reduced resistance to infections.
- Increased fatigue.
How do these pollutants damage human health?
The health effects of air pollution are serious – one third of deaths from stroke, lung cancer and heart disease are due to air pollution. … Microscopic pollutants in the air can slip past our body’s defences, penetrating deep into our respiratory and circulatory system, damaging our lungs, heart and brain.
What do you mean by acid rain which gases are responsible for acid rain?
Acid rain results when sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOX) are emitted into the atmosphere and transported by wind and air currents. The SO2 and NOX react with water, oxygen and other chemicals to form sulfuric and nitric acids.
What is acid rain describe its effects?
The ecological effects of acid rain are most clearly seen in aquatic environments, such as streams, lakes, and marshes where it can be harmful to fish and other wildlife. As it flows through the soil, acidic rain water can leach aluminum from soil clay particles and then flow into streams and lakes.
What is acid rain State two harmful effects of acid rain?
Acid rain makes waters acidic, and causes them to absorb the aluminum that makes its way from soil into lakes and streams. This combination makes waters toxic. 2)Acid rain also damages forests, especially those at higher elevations.