The biggest sources are coal-burning power plants, factories, and automobiles. When humans burn fossil fuels, sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) are released into the atmosphere. Those air pollutants react with water, oxygen, and other substances to form airborne sulfuric and nitric acid.
What has caused acid rain in Germany?
The main sources of acid rain are smoke from factories and cars. Factories burn fossil fuels like natural gas, coal, and oil. Cars and buses that burn gasoline and diesel produce these gases too. Germans also own more cars than most people do in other counties.
What is the cause and effect of acid rain in Germany?
In the past, industrial emissions from factories and power plants, as well as vehicle exhaust fumes, contained high-levels of pollutants, such as sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides. These substances reacted with the oxygen and moisture in the air, causing acid compounds, such as nitric acid and sulfuric acid.
What are the main causes of acid rain?
Acid rain is caused by a chemical reaction that begins when compounds like sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides are released into the air. These substances can rise very high into the atmosphere, where they mix and react with water, oxygen, and other chemicals to form more acidic pollutants, known as acid rain.
How can acid rain be prevented in Germany?
A great way to reduce acid rain is to produce energy without using fossil fuels. Instead, people can use renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind power. Renewable energy sources help reduce acid rain because they produce much less pollution.
How does acid rain affect Europe?
International agreements on acid rain have improved soil conditions in European forests. The amount of sulphate, nutrients and aluminium have decreased in the water present in Europe’s forest soils, due to reductions in sulphur emissions to the atmosphere.
When did acid rain start in Germany?
It began in the 1950s when Midwest coal plants spewed sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides into the air, turning clouds–and rainfall–acidic. As acid rain fell, it affected everything it touched, leaching calcium from soils and robbing plants of important nutrients.
In what way does acid rain pose a threat to the German economy?
In what way does acid rain pose a threat to the German economy? Germany must pay to repair damaged bridges and roads. Acid rain damages the resources on which the timber industry relies. Germany must pay for health care due to the health issues caused by acid rain.
How does acid rain affect humans?
The pollution that causes acid rain can also create tiny particles. When these particles get into people’s lungs, they can cause health problems, or can make existing health problems worse. … This ground-level ozone causes respiratory problems, like pneumonia and bronchitis, and can even cause permanent lung damage.
Can acid rain burn your skin?
Very strong acids will burn if they touch your skin and can even destroy metals. Acid rain is much, much weaker than this; it is never acidic enough to burn your skin. Rain is always slightly acidic because it mixes with naturally occurring oxides in the air.
What is acid rain Its Causes effects and solutions?
Sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) released into the air by fossil-fuel power plants, vehicles and oil refineries are the biggest cause of acid rain today, according to the EPA. Two thirds of sulfur dioxide and one fourth of nitrogen oxide found in the atmosphere come from electric power generators.
What are 5 things that can be done to reduce acid rain?
- Turn off lights, computers, televisions, video games, and other electrical equipment when you’re not using them.
- Encourage your parents to buy equipment that uses less electricity, including lights, air conditioners, heaters, refrigerators, and washing machines. …
- Try to limit the use of air conditioning.
How we can control acid rain?
Acid Rain: 5 Important Measures to Control Acid Rain
- Reduce amount of sulphur dioxide and oxides of nitrogen released into the atmosphere. …
- Use cleaner fuels. …
- Flue Gas Desulphurisation (FGD) …
- Use other sources of electricity (i.e. nuclear power, hydro-electricity, wind energy, geothermal energy, and solar energy)
How can we neutralize acid rain?
Alkaline or basic soils, such as those rich in limestone, calcium carbonate, can neutralize the acid directly.