What are the damaging forces of a hurricane?

Hurricanes are characterized by their four most destructive forces; strong winds including tornadoes, high storm surge and washover (Fig. 5), large waves, and associated rain. The most deadly and destructive storms combine all four forces, but typically one of the forces is dominant.

What are the 3 most damaging effects of a hurricane?

5 deadliest hurricane-related dangers

  1. Storm surge. A hurricane’s deadliest aspect is storm surge, which is an abnormal rise in sea level. …
  2. Inland flooding. …
  3. High Winds. …
  4. Rip currents. …
  5. Tornadoes.

What are the 4 factors of hurricane destruction?

High winds, storm surge, flooding and tornadoes cause damage to houses and cars that are in the path of a hurricane.

What causes most damage in a hurricane?

Storm surges, which cover a smaller area than hurricane winds, cause the most damage. Surges are rises in the sea level as the storm approaches the coastline. They are domes of water that are about 40-50 miles (65 to 85 kilometers) wide.

What are the 2 most damaging parts of a hurricane?

Every part of a tropical storm or hurricane is dangerous, but the dirty side typically brings the worst. The dirty side is where you’re most likely to see storm surge, extreme wind and heavier rain bands that can cause flooding and with the embedded storms that can quickly spin tornadoes.

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What are the 5 major causes of damage during a hurricane?

What are the 5 major causes of damage during a hurricane?

  • Storm Surge & Storm Tide. Storm surge and large waves produced by hurricanes pose the greatest threat to life and property along the coast. …
  • Heavy Rainfall & Inland Flooding. …
  • High Winds. …
  • Rip Currents. …
  • Tornadoes.

What is the most damaging part of a hurricane?

The Eye Wall: a hurricane’s most devastating region. Located just outside of the eye is the eye wall. This is the location within a hurricane where the most damaging winds and intense rainfall is found.

What factors weaken a hurricane?

Four Factors that Can Weaken Tropical Cyclones

  • Cooler Sea surface temperatures less than 79 degrees Fahrenheit (26 degrees Celsius)
  • High vertical wind shear.
  • Dry air.
  • Land masses along the projected storm track.

What causes more damage in a hurricane wind or water?

When most people think about hurricanes, they think about the wind. But it’s the water that usually does the most damage. While torrential rain causes flash flooding, it’s the hurricane’s storm surge that can be particularly destructive.

What is the weakest part of a hurricane?

The bottom-left side is considered the weakest section of a hurricane but can still produce dangerous winds. These winds are coming from off-shore and wrapping around the backside of the hurricane’s eye, so the friction with land has helped them weaken some.

What are the 4 stages of hurricane development in order?

Meteorologists have divided the development of a tropical cyclone into four stages: Tropical disturbance, tropical depression, tropical storm, and full-fledged tropical cyclone.

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What is the type and magnitude of the damage of a hurricane?

Category 1: Winds 74 to 95 mph (Minor damage) Category 2: Winds 96 to 110 mph (Extensive damage — Can uproot trees and break windows) Category 3: Winds 111 to 129 mph (Devastating — Can break windows and doors) Category 4: Winds 130 to 156 mph (Catastrophic damage — Can tear off roofs)