Florence caused devastating freshwater flooding across much of the southeastern United States and significant storm surge flooding in portions of eastern North Carolina. Florence resulted in 22 direct deaths and was also associated with 30 indirect fatalities. 1 Original report dated 3 May 2019.
How did the Florence tropical cyclone impact environment?
Hurricane Florence made landfall in North Carolina in September 2018 causing extensive flooding. Several potential point sources of hazardous substances and Superfund sites sustained water damage and contaminants may have been released into the environment.
What was the impact of Hurricane Florence?
In addition to damaging winds and significant coastal storm surge, Florence dropped record rainfall totals on many parts of North and South Carolina, resulting in major flooding in both states. Much of that flooding affected inland counties that are home to many lower-income communities.
What was the impact of the cyclone?
The effects of tropical cyclones include heavy rain, strong wind, large storm surges near landfall, and tornadoes. The destruction from a tropical cyclone, such as a hurricane or tropical storm, depends mainly on its intensity, its size, and its location.
How did Florence tropical cyclone impact the economy?
The net impact of Hurricane Florence could include losses to the US economy of more than $35.3 billion in total expenditures, $15.4 billion in real gross domestic product (constant 2009 dollars), $10.2 billion in personal income, and 107,500 person-years of employment.
Why do Florence cyclone develop in late summer?
Tropical cyclones require warm surface waters at least 80° F (27° C). During the late summer months, the sea surface temperatures reach their highest levels and provide tropical cyclones with the energy they need to develop into major storms.
How do mountains affect tropical cyclones?
When a tropical cyclone (TC) passes over a mountain range, its steering flow and cyclonic circulation are often strongly modified by the orography. This tends to enhance the precipitation associated with the storm’s rainbands (e.g., Lin, 2007 for a brief review).
What precautions has been implemented to reduce the impact of the tropical cyclone Florence?
Secure Your Property
For example, you should remove standing waters to reduce the risk of ground or structural collapses, disconnect equipment in the event of a power outage, and safely remove any dangerous materials, debris, and wildlife or chemicals brought in by floodwaters.
Where does Hurricane Florence rank in economic cost?
Those billion-dollar disasters killed 247 people and caused about $91 billion in damage in 2018, according to NOAA. Federal data shows Hurricane Florence was the 12th most expensive tropical cyclone in recent decades, according to data that goes back to 1980.