noun. an artificial satellite that gathers data concerning the earth’s atmosphere and surface in order to aid meteorologists in understanding weather patterns and producing weather forecasts. Also called weather satellite.
What are meteorological satellites used for?
Multi-functional Transport Satellites (MTSAT)
The MTSAT series carry an aeronautical mission to assist air navigation, plus a meteorological mission to provide imagery over the Asia-Pacific region. The satellites also have the capability to relay weather data from remote Automatic Weather Stations.
How do meteorological satellites work?
Weather satellites carry instruments called radiometers (not cameras) that scan the Earth to form images. … The data are then relayed to various weather forecast centers around the world, and are made available over the internet in the form of images.
What is the meteorological term?
meteorology. / (ˌmiːtɪəˈrɒlədʒɪ) / noun. the study of the earth’s atmosphere, esp of weather-forming processes and weather forecasting.
What is a geostationary satellite and what are its characteristics?
A geostationary satellite is in an orbit that can only be achieved at an altitude very close to 35,786 km (22,236 miles) and which keeps the satellite fixed over one longitude at the equator. The satellite appears motionless at a fixed position in the sky to ground observers.
When did the meteorological radars was actualized?
After some refining, the Weather Bureau rolled out its first network of radars in 1959.
Is meteorology a science?
Meteorology is the science dealing with the atmosphere and its phenomena, including both weather and climate.
What is meteorological observation?
Meteorological observations play a key role in many flood, drought, environmental and water resources applications. … The main measurement techniques include raingauges, weather stations and weather radar, with satellite precipitation estimates playing an important role in data-sparse regions.
What are the meteorological data?
Observational Meteorological Data – Data consisting of physical parameters that are measured directly by instrumentation, and include temperature, dew point, wind direction, wind speed, cloud cover, cloud layer(s), ceiling height, visibility, current weather, and precipitation amount. …
What are meteorological conditions?
Noun. 1. meteorological conditions – the prevailing environmental conditions as they influence the prediction of weather. environmental condition – the state of the environment.
What is meant by geostationary satellite?
Satellite that appears to be located at a fixed point in space when viewed from the earth’s surface. Satellites located in geosynchronous orbit move in time with the rotation of the earth. Geostationary satellites are located 22,237 miles above the earth’s surface.
What is geostationary satellite class 9?
A geostationary satellite is an earth-orbiting satellite, placed at an altitude of approximately 35,800 kilometers (22,300 miles) directly over the equator, that revolves in the same direction the earth rotates (west to east).
Why are geostationary satellites called geostationary satellites?
Geostationary satellites are called communication satellites as geostationary satellites have same orbital period as that of earth and appears at a fix position with respect to earth so, the satellites antennas do not required to track their position and they can be pointed permanently towards a particular position in …