What is lightning and thunderstorm?

What is lightning and thunder?

Lightning is a discharge of electricity. … A single stroke of lightning can heat the air around it to 30,000°C (54,000°F)! This extreme heating causes the air to expand explosively fast. The expansion creates a shock wave that turns into a booming sound wave, known as thunder.

What exactly is lightning?

Lightning is a giant spark of electricity in the atmosphere between clouds, the air, or the ground. … Lightning can occur between opposite charges within the thunderstorm cloud (intra-cloud lightning) or between opposite charges in the cloud and on the ground (cloud-to-ground lightning).

What causes thunder?

Answer. Thunder is caused by the rapid expansion of the air surrounding the path of a lightning bolt. … As lightning connects to the ground from the clouds, a second stroke of lightning will return from the ground to the clouds, following the same channel as the first strike.

How do you explain lightning and thunder to a child?

Thunder is caused by lightning. When a lightning bolt travels from the cloud to the ground it actually opens up a little hole in the air, called a channel. Once then light is gone the air collapses back in and creates a sound wave that we hear as thunder.

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Who comes first thunder or lightning?

If we are watching the sky, we see the lightning before we hear the thunder. That is because light travels much faster than sound waves. We can estimate the distance of the lightning by counting how many seconds it takes until we hear the thunder. It takes approximately 5 seconds for the sound to travel 1 mile.

What Colour is lightning?

Lightning comes in every color of the rainbow (Red, Yellow, Green, Cyan, Blue, and Violet, to name a few). It’s almost always white, but often it’s tinged with another color around the edges. The three most common colors, aside from white, are blue, yellow, and violet.

What are the 3 types of lightning?

There are three common types of lightning: cloud to ground, cloud to cloud and cloud to air. Cloud to ground lightning is the most dangerous. The ground is mainly consisted of positively charged particles while the bottom of violent storm clouds have negative charged particles.

What are 3 facts about lightning?

33 Insane Facts About Lightning Strikes

  • Lightning creates heat hotter than the sun. …
  • Technically, lighting itself doesn’t have a temperature. …
  • Lightning can strike the same place twice—or more! …
  • Lightning also strikes multiple places at once. …
  • Lightning bolts are not very wide. …
  • Lighting can be up to 90 miles long.

Can lightning power a city?

There is so much power in a thunderstorm. … A large city that needs a lot of power and happens to be in one of the most struck places in the world. This lightning city could theoretically harness the incredible power of lightning to power their city.

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Can thunder hurt you?

What is there to be scared of? Most storms are harmless, even soothing to some, and nurturing to plants and wildlife. Thunder can’t hurt us, of course, but lightning strikes can be deadly. … Still, lightning strikes are deadly, which is why you should go indoors when you hear thunder.

What attracts lightning to a person?

Myth: Structures with metal, or metal on the body (jewelry, cell phones,Mp3 players, watches, etc), attract lightning. Fact: Height, pointy shape, and isolation are the dominant factors controlling where a lightning bolt will strike. The presence of metal makes absolutely no difference on where lightning strikes.

Does lightning make noise?

This rapid expansion and contraction creates the sound wave that we hear as thunder. Although a lightning discharge usually strikes just one spot on the ground, it travels many miles through the air. … The loud boom that you sometimes hear is created by the main lightning channel as it reaches the ground.

Does thunder happen without lightning?

No, it is not possible to have thunder without lightning. Thunder starts as a shockwave from the explosively expanding lightning channel when a large current causes rapid heating. However, it is possible that you might see lightning and not hear the thunder because it was too far away. … Thunder is caused by lightning.

Can lightning destroy a house?

Lightning can cause serious structural damage to a building and may destroy property within the home. When lightning strikes a house or apartment, the ensuing damage can be extensive. … Damage to a home’s electrical wiring. Destruction of electrical devices within a home.

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Why does it thunder and lightning without rain?

Dry thunderstorm refers to thunder and lightning that occur without bringing rain to the ground. In fact, the thunder-bearing clouds do produce rain but the rain droplets have evaporated in the air before reaching the ground. … The anvil cloud is so high that rain coming from it evaporates before reaching the ground.