First, they developed a new form of municipal government, one with strong centralized control to handle the economic recovery of the city. Next, they built a massive seawall to turn back storm-generated waves.
What changes were made to Galveston after the hurricane of 1900?
After the hurricane, Galveston raised the elevation of many new buildings by more than 10 feet (3 metres). The city also built an extensive seawall to act as a buffer against future storms. Despite the reconstruction, the city’s status as the premier shipping port was lost to Houston a few years after the disaster.
How long did it take to rebuild Galveston after the 1900 hurricane?
The recovery would take 12 years, but proved it was “worth the investment” during a 1915 hurricane when only eight died, according to Elizabeth Hayes Turner, co-author with Patricia Bellis Bixel of Galveston and the 1900 Storm.
What did Galveston do after the hurricane?
After the hurricane, a large seawall was eventually built to protect Galveston from flooding. The city was pummeled again by major hurricanes in 1961 and 1983, but they caused less damage than the one that struck in 1900.
What helped Galveston during hurricane?
Galveston is built on a low, flat island, little more than a large sandbar along the Gulf Coast. These residents proposed a seawall be constructed to protect the city, but the majority of the population and the city’s government dismissed their concerns.
How much money did it cost to rebuild after the Galveston hurricane of 1900?
McComb estimated that it cost about $16 million to build the seawall and raise the grade. For comparison, Fitzgerald said it would cost $10 million a mile to build the seawall in today’s dollars – or more than $100 million total.
How did the Galveston hurricane of 1900 affect settlement patterns in Texas?
How did the Galveston Hurricane of 1900 affect settlement patterns in Texas? Population growth slowed along the coast and increased further inland in areas such as Houston. … Galveston residents moved closer to the strong seawall because the city was now protected from future natural disasters.
How was Galveston rebuilt?
After a storm inundated the city in 1837, a local carpenter, Joseph Ehlinger, suggested rebuilding the destroyed customshouse on four-foot pilings to raise it above the flood level. After that time, many structures in Galveston, residences included, were built on stilts.
What was the Galveston plan?
The commission form of city government, also known as the Galveston Plan, was devised in Galveston in 1901 and became one of the three basic forms of municipal government in the United States. … Thus the commission plan blends legislative and executive functions in the same body.
How did they build the Galveston seawall?
The seawall was founded on timber piles and protected from undermining by sheet piling and a layer of riprap, four-foot-square granite blocks extending 27 ft outward from the toe of the sea face of the wall.
What impact did the Galveston hurricane of 1900 have on the economy?
The storm hit the 13-county Houston-Galveston COG region hardest, causing an estimated $16 billion economic loss during the first year. FEMA designated all 13 counties in this region as disaster areas.
Which Texas coastal town was devastated by two hurricanes was rebuilt after the first one and abandoned after the second?
In Texas, the hurricane obliterated the town of Indianola that was only just recovering from a powerful 1875 hurricane on the same location.