Introduction. Hurricane Katrina was responsible for between 7 and 8 million gallons of oil spilled throughout the impacted region —the country’s worst oil spill since 1989. Additionally, up to 46 oil platforms were destroyed during the storm. Many of these were reported as having either sunk or run adrift.
What pollution did Hurricane Katrina cause?
Significant amounts of industrial waste and raw sewage spilled directly into New Orleans neighborhoods, and oil spills from offshore rigs, coastal refineries, and even corner gas stations also made their way into residential areas and business districts throughout the region.
How much did Hurricane Katrina affect the environment?
Katrina also caused more deaths in Louisiana (n = 1170) than in any other Gulf Coast state. In addition to its tragic human toll, Katrina left an environmental toll of oil spills, storm debris, damaged sewage and water treatment systems, abandoned housing, and widespread mold.
How did Hurricane Katrina change the earth’s surface?
Impacts and Issues
Hurricane Katrina devastated the natural environment of coastal regions of Mississippi, Alabama, and Louisiana. The sustained winds that topped 120 mph (193 km/h), driving rain, and storm surge caused erosion and flood-related damage.
Are they still cleaning up Hurricane Katrina?
The clean up for Hurricane Katrina is still on going. A lot of water flooded the city and some areas that were flooded near New Orleans are still under water. Those areas may just become lakes because the water may never drain out. New Orleans had to fix their water pumps in order to drain their city.
How much damage did Hurricane Katrina Cause in New Orleans?
Ultimately, the storm caused more than $160 billion in damage, and the population of New Orleans fell by 29 percent between the fall of 2005 and 2011.
What caused Hurricane Katrina 2005?
Katrina formed from the interaction of a tropical wave and the remnants of a previous tropical depression. August 23, 2005 Tropical Depression Twelve formed. The depression became Katrina August 24 when it was located over the Bahamas.
Why Hurricane Katrina was so bad?
Flooding, caused largely as a result of fatal engineering flaws in the flood protection system (levees) around the city of New Orleans, precipitated most of the loss of lives. Eventually, 80% of the city, as well as large tracts of neighboring parishes, were inundated for weeks.
What is the environmental impact of a hurricane?
Strong winds and flooding can uproot plants and kill land animals, devastating natural areas. Hurricanes may also destroy energy and chemical production facilities, gas stations, and other businesses, causing the release of toxic chemicals and pollutants into the environment.
How did Hurricane Katrina affect animals?
Hurricanes Katrina and Rita impacted not only U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service lands and facilities in Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, Arkansas and Texas, but also left a wide path of destruction that is affecting resources such as migratory birds, interjurisdictional fisheries, and imperiled species and their habitats.
How many trees did Hurricane Katrina destroy?
Using NASA satellite data, a team of researchers at Tulane University and the University of New Hampshire concluded that the hurricane destroyed or severely damaged some 320 million large trees. Besides felling trees, the storm changed the role that many Gulf Coast forests play in the global carbon budget.
What was one negative impact that Hurricane Katrina had on the ecosystem of the ecosystem of the Gulf Coast?
Katrina’s physical destruction released oil from production facilities and chemicals from kitchen sinks into waterways. The storm knocked down trees, washed out marshes, killed thousands of animals and sent potential invasive species adrift into new environments.
What hazards were posed by the floodwaters during Hurricane Katrina?
Aside from standing floodwater, hazards included a lack of potable water, sewage treatment, and electricity; chemical spills; swarms of insects (with anecodotal accounts of vermin and hungry domestic dogs); food contamination; disrupted transportation; mountains of debris; buildings damaged and destroyed; rampant mold …
Is New Orleans sinking?
New Orleans, Louisiana is sinking at a rate of 2 inches per year. Both human and environmental factors are to blame for New Orleans’ sinking land. … A 2016 NASA study found that certain parts of New Orleans are sinking at a rate of 2 inches per year, putting them on track to be underwater by 2100.
Is New Orleans still suffering from Katrina?
Some areas have fully rebounded, while other sites still have storm damage or have been left uninhabited. But overall, the city has bounced back well since 2005.
How many years did it take to recover from Hurricane Katrina?
While many repairs are made over long periods of time after storms, identifying when the majority of recovery takes place highlights the primary recovery period. Remodeling after Hurricane Katrina leveled out in January 2007 putting the primary recovery period at 18 months after the storm.