The oceans influence climate by absorbing solar radiation and releasing heat needed to drive the atmospheric circulation, by releasing aerosols that influence cloud cover, by emitting most of the water that falls on land as rain, by absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and storing it for years to millions of …
How do oceans influence climate in the coastal areas?
Ocean currents influence the temperature of the region they travel through. Warm currents increase the temperature of the coasts along which they move. Sea breezes that blow over warm currents get warmed in turn and absorb moisture. Then they carry the warmth and moisture to neighboring coastal areas.
What drives the climate and weather patterns?
Directly or indirectly, the sun provides energy for living organisms, and it drives our planet’s weather and climate patterns. Because Earth is spherical, energy from the sun does not reach all areas with equal strength. … As Earth orbits the sun, its orientation to the sun changes.
How do ocean current influence the climate and economic activities of the coastal region?
Ocean currents influence the climate and economic activities of coastal regions in the following ways: Warm currents raise the temperature along the coast, while cold currents drop the temperature along the coast. … Winds blowing over warm currents result in a good amount of rainfall, as they get moisture-laden.
How do ocean currents affect the climate explain Class 11?
Winds passing over warm currents absorbs lot of moisture and cause heavy rainfall in coastal areas. On the other hand winds passing over long currents do not get any warm currents as such, they make the climate of coastal areas dry.
How are Earth’s seasons and climate patterns determined?
The earth’s spin axis is tilted with respect to its orbital plane. This is what causes the seasons. When the earth’s axis points towards the sun, it is summer for that hemisphere. … Midway between these two times, in spring and autumn, the spin axis of the earth points 90 degrees away from the sun.
What role do oceans play in the water cycle?
Not only do the oceans provide evaporated water to the water cycle, they also allow water to move all around the globe as ocean currents. Oceans are the storehouses of water nature uses to run the water cycle.
What causes weather patterns?
Weather on Earth is caused by heat from the sun and movement of the air. … This movement of air is what we call wind. Winds bring changes in the weather, such as clear sunny skies or heavy rain. Moisture or water vapor (gas) in the air also affects the weather.
How do ocean currents influence the climate of a place Class 9?
Ocean currents are caused by the uneven heating of the Earth surface. … Warm ocean currents increases the temperature of the near by coastal areas while cold ocean currents bring down the temperature. For example, the warm North Atlantic Drift keeps the temperature of Western Europe warm even during winters.
How does ocean currents affect climate Class 9?
The ocean currents greatly influence the temperature of an area. In areas where warm and cold currents meet, the temperature falls, giving rise to foggy conditions. Whoever, mixing of warm and cold currents supports a rich marine life.
What is the climate of a ocean?
An oceanic climate, also called a maritime climate, is a type of weather pattern. In an area with an oceanic climate, summers are cool and winters are cooler but not very cold. There is rain in the summer and rain and snow in the winter with no dry season. Oceanic climates are caused by wind patterns.
How do the ocean currents influence the weather of a place give examples?
Ocean currents act as conveyer belts of warm and cold water, sending heat toward the polar regions and helping tropical areas cool off, thus influencing both weather and climate. … Land areas also absorb some sunlight, and the atmosphere helps to retain heat that would otherwise quickly radiate into space after sunset.
What are four factors that influence ocean currents?
The different types of currents (referred to as surface or thermohaline, depending on their depth) are created by, among other things, wind, water density, the topography of the ocean floor and the coriolis effect.
How does ocean water get heated?
The main source of ocean heat is sunlight. Additionally, clouds, water vapor, and greenhouse gases emit heat that they have absorbed, and some of that heat energy enters the ocean. Waves, tides, and currents constantly mix the ocean, moving heat from warmer to cooler latitudes and to deeper levels.