Cyclone Tracy killed 71 people and caused A$837 million in damage (equivalent to around A$4.45 billion in 2014 value). Approximately 30,000 of Darwin’s residents were evacuated, mostly to Adelaide and Sydney, and many never returned to the city.
How did Cyclone Tracy change Australia?
Cyclone Tracy was a tropical cyclone that devastated the city of Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia from 24 to 26 December 1974. … It destroyed more than 70 percent of Darwin’s buildings, including 80 percent of houses.
What did Australia learn from Cyclone Tracy?
What did we learn from Cyclone Tracy? After Cyclone Tracy new building standards were brought in across Australia. These new standards meant that buildings had to be clad to protect them against flying debris, and their roofs had to be tied to the foundations.
How did Cyclone Tracy affect the economy?
After the cyclone passed, approximately 60% of Darwin’s houses were destroyed beyond repair with only 6% considered immediately habitable. The estimated cost of the event is in the order of about $400-500 million (in 1974 dollars), which equates to between $2 billion and $4 billion in today’s money.
What was the aftermath of Cyclone Tracy?
It is estimated that Cyclone Tracy killed 71 people, with at least 22 people lost at sea. Between 80 to 90 per cent of housing was destroyed and tens of thousands were left homeless.
How did Cyclone Tracy affect the community?
Cyclone Tracy killed 71 people and caused A$837 million in damage (equivalent to around A$4.45 billion in 2014 value). Approximately 30,000 of Darwin’s residents were evacuated, mostly to Adelaide and Sydney, and many never returned to the city. … Every year from October to May, northern Australia is at risk of cyclones.
How did Cyclone Tracy affect Darwin?
Cyclone Tracy, which hit Darwin in the small hours of Christmas Day 1974, killed 71 people and devastated 80 per cent of the city. Darwin’s near complete destruction led to the introduction of improved building codes across Australia. …
Which cyclone was Australia’s most destructive and why?
Cyclone Mahina was the deadliest tropical cyclone in Australia’s recorded history, and probably one of the most intense ever recorded.
How strong were the winds in Cyclone Tracy?
By world standards, Tracy was a small but intense tropical cyclone at landfall, the radius of gale force winds being only about 50 km. The anemometer at Darwin Airport recorded a gust of 217 km/h before the instrument was destroyed. Tracy was first detected as a depression in the Arafura Sea on 20 December 1974.
What challenges did survivors of Cyclone Tracy face in the following months?
As the sun rose over Darwin the next morning, her six-month-old son Paul was dead — one of 71 people killed when Tracy flattened Australia’s most northern capital city. “It was just devastation — I think every person thought that they were the only person left alive,” Ms Chaney said.
Was Cyclone Tracy a Category 5?
And while Tracy was reported as a category four cyclone, some meteorologists today believe it may have been a category five shortly before it made landfall. At midnight on Christmas Day wind gusts greater than 100 kilometres per hour began to be recorded.
How are cyclones named?
Who names cyclones? The tropical cyclones forming over different Ocean basins are named by the concerned RSMCs & TCWCs. … This list contained names proposed by then eight member countries of WMO/ESCAP PTC, viz., Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Thailand.